Gripper End Effectors

Gripper End Effector Systems come in a variety of styles, including but not limited to the simple two-finger grippers which are used by the vast majority of industrial overhead lifting systems.

Unfortunately, many of the standardized gripper end effector systems are not flexible enough in order to handle a large variety of materials and applications, which is why industrial gripper designs are often custom made with one dedicated application in mind.

Because of the wide variety of different gripper systems available, they span many different industries including Manufacturing and Automotive, Food and Beverage, Pharmaceutical and Hospital, Warehouse and Retail.

Grippers come in a variety of styles and designs which are often modelled from the same principles which allow humans to pick things up with their hands. Three of the most common types are parallel, three-finger and angled designs. The most common are parallel designs with two fingers that close on a workpiece to grip it or open it out by creating pressure on the inside using a clamping mechanism. Three-finger designs hold the workpiece in the center, and have three fingers which are offset to hold the piece in place. Angled designs feature jaws that work at a variety of different angle openings in order to meet a variety of different requirements.

Injury incident: Accident Report Detail
At approximately 12:01 a.m., On October 09, 2009, Employee #1, a Journeyman millwright and a regular employee at the Atlantic Plant Maintenance, Inc., was working at the Mountain View Power Generation Station – Turbine unit number 3B, San Bernardino, Redlands, CA, owned & operated by Southern California Edison. Employee #1 was manually installing liner caps (weighing 150-pounds, part of the turbine combustion systems) with the assistance of a coworker. During installation, liner cap got stuck and crooked due to it not being level. Both employees were trying to lift the liner cap for alignment, when it suddenly became free and dropped. Employee #1’s gloved left index finger got pinched between the cap & the liner and he sustained a serious crushing injury to the left index finger tip. A supervisor drove Employee #1 to the Redlands Community Hospital for treatment, where an X-ray was taken. He was given appointment for surgery at Arrowhead Regional Medical Center in Colton, CA on October 12, 2009. Surgery was performed on an out patient basis.
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A Guide to workplace muskuloskeletal disorders

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